The United Nations is in a good position to comply with the October Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – as all member states do.
But since the Taliban withdrew from the U.S. in August, judging by the Taliban’s crackdown on women’s rights, there was no indication that it would abandon its long-standing policy of oppressing women – and barring them from school, university and the workplace.
The Taliban’s membership in the United Nations is undoubtedly the only one – or perhaps one of the few member states that will legitimize one ruled by a rebel group once designated by the United States as a terrorist organization.
But a long-standing question remains: will the Taliban, as a member state, recognize the UN treaties and international conventions that guarantee both human rights and women’s rights signed by the former US-backed Afghan government in the last 20 years?
“Regarding the adoption and respect of international human rights treaties and conventions – which we know today and the public declarations they make, as opposed to the practice on the ground – I would assume that they can declare their observance of human rights treaties ‘in accordance with Sharia law’, which they must Will not define, “said a former senior UN official who served in Afghanistan during the former Taliban regime (1996-2001).
Dr Palitha Kohona, the former head of the UN treaty department, straightened the record when he told the IPS: “Afghanistan is a member state of the UN, not the Taliban. Being a member state of the United Nations does not mean that Afghanistan is a party to all UN treaties. Only in treaties that, as a state, does it become a party. The act of becoming a party to a treaty is a conscious, well-thought-out and deliberate act of a state. ”
He said Afghanistan as a state would be bound by the agreement that the state of Afghanistan is a party to.
“When a state becomes a party to a convention / agreement, the government also becomes bound by it. If Afghanistan is already a party to any human rights treaty, including women’s rights and children’s rights, then the Afghan government will be bound by it.
And the former Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the United Nations.
Meanwhile, an article in the UDHR, described as a milestone document in the history of human rights, states that all persons entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, regardless of race, color, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social Origin, property, birth or other condition.
In addition, the UDHR states that a person will not be included in a country or territory based on political, jurisdictional or international status, sovereignty under independent, trust, non-autonomous or any other limitation.
The former Taliban government was described as an oppressive regime that denied some basic civil liberties to Afghans and provided a safe haven for terrorists of all political persuasions, while also rejecting the name of an inclusive cabinet of the United Nations and the international community. Representation of women.
“Those who had hoped for and requested for inclusion will be disappointed,” said Deborah Lyons, the UN secretary-general’s representative for Afghanistan.
“There are no women among the names listed,” he said last month.
Leon added that the (new) Taliban government in Kabul included “similar personalities who were part of the Taliban leadership from 1996-2001”.
He said of the 33 appointments, many were on the UN sanctions list, including the prime minister, two deputy prime ministers and the foreign minister.
According to published reports, the Taliban have not only disbanded the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, but also replaced it with the Ministry of Vice and Virtue, an infamous religious police of an era known for brutally suppressing women in public. Without male relatives.
Meanwhile, Dr. Kohona said the current Taliban authorities are not recognized by any other state. Under the circumstances, can they be considered as the legitimate successor government of the previous authority?
He said the Taliban, including Afghanistan and its population, were in complete control for all practical purposes.
“The Taliban’s writ applies to most parts of the country. These elements are important for government recognition by the international community. ”
Afghanistan’s neighbors have already begun the process of working with the new authorities. According to the report, Afghanistan has been invited to join the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor.
“Afghanistan’s strategic location and its valuable mineral reserves have tempted many in the past. One can assume that it will only be a matter of time before the new authority is recognized by other important states.
Recognition of Kabul’s new authorities and efforts to pressure them to comply with global human rights standards could open the door to further pests.
Afghan authorities can also turn around and demand accountability for human rights violations and war crimes committed by the occupying NATO and other forces. He said there are lots of complaints.
Australia has publicly acknowledged and apologized for the heinous acts committed by its special forces in Afghanistan. There have also been many allegations related to soldiers from other occupying forces, Dr Kohna said.
Addressing the UN Third Committee in October, US Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield said the human rights situation in Afghanistan was “deeply worrying”.
The Taliban has said it will create a more inclusive political order that respects the rights of all individuals. But the initial steps were inconsistent with that promise.
We welcome the efforts of the United Nations to monitor and report on the human rights situation. We will judge the Taliban not by his words, but by his words. ”
Meanwhile, the Taliban, representing the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, last month nominated its ambassador, Suhail Shaheen, to replace outgoing office holder Ghulam Isakzai-even thwarting his demand for a speech slot in a high-level session. September 25, and a seat in the UN General Assembly.
So far, it has failed in all its endeavors.
Perhaps most notable is the attempt to seize a UN seat that must be approved, first by the nine-member UN Certification Committee, which includes Russia, China, the United States, Sweden, South Africa, Sierra Leone, Chile, Bhutan and the Bahamas, and later by the 193-member General Assembly. Approved by
A long sequence but it can overcome both obstacles – sooner or later. So far, the credentials committee is expected to meet sometime in November.
Asked about the status of Afghanistan’s membership, General Assembly President Abdullah Shahid told reporters last week: “The General Assembly decides as a universal body.”
So, it will be 193 countries that will make the decision, ”he said, adding that the Certification Committee will review and submit its results and then the entire 193 member countries will have the opportunity to make the decision.
“It was a past habit and it has been done many times,” he declared.
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© Inter Press Service (2021) – All rights reservedOriginal Source: Inter Press Service