BEIJING, Oct. 11 (IPS) – China is one of the architects of the United Nations and the first signatory of the UN Charter in San Francisco in 1945.
But in October 1971, Mr. The Chinese delegation led by Qiao Guanhua resumed China’s representation at the United Nations. Since then, the United Nations has had the great opportunity to witness and support China in achieving one of the greatest socio-economic progress in world history.
Now, on China’s 50th anniversary at the United Nations, I am honored to serve as the UN Resident Coordinator, a position I took up earlier this year.
When I took up my post in Beijing on 08 February 2021, I was just beginning to understand the rich tapestry of 5000 years of civilization. China has had the privilege of shaping and witnessing the profound economic and social transformation that has taken place since the reform and opening up of the United Nations.
When we recall half a century of cooperation, a question naturally arises: Which way is it now for the UN and China?
This is a heavy question, because China and the world are at a critical juncture. Kovid-1 is a temporary outbreak of the pandemic epidemic, but many countries are still struggling terribly. Record-setting heat, fire, storm and other disasters with a focus on the threat of climate change. Counting the years in this “Decade of Action” to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
China’s value-setting leadership over the past decade has given me confidence that we can achieve something even bigger in the years to come.
China’s record-breaking economic development
In 1978, Deng Xiaoping’s reform and opening-up policy began to transform the country, for example, in Shenzhen, which became an international center for research and innovation from a fishing village in the Pearl River delta. In the single generation.
And in 1979, China chose to receive development assistance from the United Nations, learning from its long experience of poverty alleviation and industrial and agricultural growth.
For more than 40 years, China’s success has not been a miracle. At this time, China:
- 7 More than 750 million people were lifted out of extreme poverty. Investing in public health and education, investing in human capital thus creates a happy and healthy workforce that contributes to economic productivity. Foreign became the center of production in the world based on a model of foreign investment, resource-intensive production, cheap labor and an increase in exports. 1979 Its per capita GDP multiplied from মার্কিন 180 in 1979 to an incredible ,000 12,000 today.
The signs of this progress are evident not only in statistics but also in daily life. Across China there is now a classic feature of a market economy, with luxury brands, foreign and domestic op stores. I grew up as a little boy near Chinatown, my hometown of Kolkata, far away, though the alley warren, the narrow streets of the food market, the old men playing board games in the park, reminiscent with Chinese characters. Marks above the head.
In Beijing, for example, in the early 1980s, cabbage was often the only vegetable on the menu. With the help of the United Nations Development Program in China, market access has increased – supporting the diversity of domestic vegetables and introducing new products such as broccoli from abroad.
On the way to continue this astonishing success. China’s per capita GDP could more than double by 2025, reaching ২৫ 25,000 by adjusting for purchasing power. Through the International Monetary Fund project, the country’s growing economy will surpass that of 56 countries in the world in terms of per capita income ranking by the fourth century.
Less authority than Professor Jeffrey Sachs, a UN SDG advocate and director of the Center for Sustainable Development at Columbia University, has called China an “inspiration” to stop the epidemic and end poverty.
This progress is even more significant considering the impact the epidemic has had on the global economy. China’s generosity and leadership on this front is commendable.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi told the Ninth World Peace Forum in Beijing to build the “Great Wall of Immunity” to combat the Kovid-1 pandemic epidemic.
Even then the challenge remains. Like any economy at this stage of development, the relentless pursuit of high growth is reaching its natural limits and China is facing new economic, social and environmental challenges.
Agenda 2030 and new priorities for it
The UN’s Sustainable Development Goals will be achieved by 2030, and we now have what we call the “Decade of Action.” I see three areas for close cooperation in this time of crisis.
First, a new sustainable development model. The government recognizes slow economic growth as the “new normal”. Demographic, labor and investment realities present China with new barriers to tackling food security, widespread inequality and the cost-effectiveness of universal healthcare.
In the post-Xiaokang society, China needs to embrace innovations and services that drive equitable and inclusive progress, tackle the legacy of rapid expansion to achieve SDGs, and leave no one behind.
Second, climate change. As a result of its larger population and economy, China is the world’s single largest emitter of carbon dioxide, accounting for a quarter of global non-mission emissions. Acknowledging the environmental cost of this development model, President Xi Jinping has set a bold ambition for China to achieve maximum carbon emissions by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060.
This huge feat requires a major shift in how China’s economy works and how its population lives every day. Earthquake changes will be needed in investment and technology. Here, China’s recent commitment to stop all financing of coal factories abroad and to direct its support for developing countries towards green and low carbon energy is most welcome.
We need to maintain this momentum before and after the COP 15 UN Biodiversity Conference in Kunming, the second UN Sustainable Transport Conference in Beijing and the COP 26 UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow.
Third, multilateralism. China is a champion of multilateral efforts to tackle global challenges. China has the will, knowledge and resources to make a comprehensive contribution to the SDGs and has established itself as an exceptional member of the nations.
As UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres put it, “In its successful efforts to fight extreme poverty, China’s success over the past few decades has set a strong precedent that can be shared with other countries through South-South cooperation.”
Today, China is the second largest contributor to the UN peacekeeping budget and has sent more peacekeepers to UN missions than any other permanent member of the Security Council. China has also played a key role in shaping the concessions required for the SDGs and the Paris Agreement.
Future efforts should focus on initiatives that expand vaccine access, provide debt relief to low-income countries, and provide sustainable funding for infrastructure and climate efforts.
On this front, we hope that the Global Development Initiative recently announced by President Xi Jinping will accelerate international cooperation efforts and increase our support to contribute our skills in line with international norms and standards.
China and the United Nations
The UN family in China is in tune with China’s vision. Blueprint for construction based on 2030 agenda and recently agreed domestic structure past gains.
The United Nations can support this ambition in this decade of activities to achieve the SDGs and call on, connect and catalyze partners to harness China’s development experience to the benefit of other countries, especially African countries, in the spirit of South-South cooperation.
As the world tackles the epidemic, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres presented a “common agenda” at the 3rd session of the General Assembly, where he said, “We are facing a moment of truth. Now is the time to deliver … to restore faith … to hope. “Humanity has shown that when we work together, we are capable of great things. That is our reason for the United Nations.”
October 2021 will be the time to celebrate our 50 years of relationship for the United Nations and China. China and the United Nations will rethink, innovate, revitalize and continue to work hard and daily, and redesign themselves to create lasting prosperity for the Chinese people and the world at large.
The author is the UN Resident Coordinator in China
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© Inter Press Service (2021) – All rights reservedOriginal Source: Inter Press Service