From early Greek philosophy to the golden age of Islam, I often wonder how and what was the culture that contributed to the times of the explosion of free thought and innovation? What was the inspiration of Greek ideas and early science during the golden age of Islam?
Greek philosophy and thought
Where would free and innovative thinking be without the great Greek philosopher? Could there have been a golden age of Islam without Thales of Miletus, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and Pythagoras? Would the Renaissance have existed without Al-Zahrawi, Abbas Ibn Firnas, Al-Biruni, Avicenna, Averos, Ibn Al-Nafis, Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khawarizmi, Al-Hazen, Ibn Khaldun? Did modern science and philosophy of the 19th and 20th centuries exist without Leonardo da Vinci, Nicolas Copernicus, Andreas Vesalius, Francis Bacon, Thomas Aquinas, Isaac Newton, Galileo, Kepler and Descartes?
Considered the father of Western philosophy, Socrates invented our Socratic method. His ideas of reason and rationalism were fundamentalist and in the end they inspired the scientific contributions of future philosophers and thinkers. The origins of intellectual thought, humanism, social theory, economic ideas and democracy are traced back to ancient Greek ideas. The first democracy will probably be found back in Athens. There was an attempt to move from central authority to a decentralized style of governance and representation, and it has had a profound effect on today’s Western democracies.
The golden age of Islam – a new invention.
Mohammed was the initiator of a new change of thought that emphasized education not only among the elite, but among every citizen. You could say Mohammed was the catalyst of literacy in a world era where literacy and learning were in the minority. Mohammed was not only a social inventor, but an argument can be made, he was also an economic inventor. I agree to go one step further and call him the central figure in the formation of a pioneer of capitalism and the free market economy that we see today. During his time in Medina, Mohammed created a competitive market that eventually surpassed other markets in Medina. This was mainly due to non-imposition of taxes on goods and services by various merchants. It was original, innovative and brilliant.
Islam developed and the empire expanded to the Iberian Peninsula in the west and present-day Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east. The message that Muhammad and his disciples repeatedly preached was the way of life, be it in the market or in daily social communication. The emphasis on learning to explain some of the writings and mysteries of the world mentioned in the Qur’an has created a culture of great philosophers and thinkers. As the Greeks did, handing over the torch to the citizens of the Islamic Golden Age, the torch was handed over to Western Europeans to finally start the Renaissance.
Many great thinkers were influenced by the philosophers of the Arab-speaking citizens of the Islamic Golden Age. Thomas Aquinas, Fibonacci, Da Vinci, Michelangelo and Copernicus contributed to the explosion of philosophy and art. With the help of Arabic translations of Greek texts, classical Greek philosophy was rediscovered, and medieval Europe emerged from the ashes of the Dark Ages and the final beginning of the Renaissance. The Renaissance ushered in the rebirth of intellectual curiosity and free thought. No period The printing press was undoubtedly the biggest technology to emerge from this period. The printing press allowed the development of mass communication. This allows the development of the middle class. It removes the concentrated accumulation of knowledge from religious and political authorities and distributes the rebirth of knowledge among the masses. The transition from centralized storage of knowledge to decentralized storage of knowledge was ultimately a perfect benefit for society.
The reason for the era was a remarkable time that brought us likes like Isaac Newton, Renেনে Descartes and Adam Smith. Since the Renaissance was known as the rebirth of intellectual curiosity, enlightenment can also be called the rebirth of humanism, which can trace its origins in Greek philosophy and thought. Humanism was a philosophy that emphasized that reason and autonomy are fundamental aspects of human existence. A more modern and technical definition would be the shift from central thought, that is, from religious central authority and / or central rule, to a more decentralized individual sovereign thought. Enlightenment inspired democracy. We must remember that the United States was formed when it was enlightened. Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison incorporated the norm when drafting the U.S. Constitution. I would argue that “we take for granted the fact that all human beings are created equal, that their Creator has given them some inalienable rights, including the pursuit of life, liberty and happiness.” And has effects.
The modern era
Our current modern era is thought to have begun with the art era, extending roughly from the mid-18th century to our current information era. The modern age can be seen as the ultimate rise of digital technology and biotechnology. Einstein was preceded by Isaac Newton and James Clark Maxwell. Isaac Newton’s discoveries about gravity and optics are the foundation that led James Clark Maxwell, one of the pioneers and greatest contributors of the technological age. When Einstein said that he was standing on the shoulders of demons, he was referring to Newton and Maxwell. Maxwell joined Newton’s discovery and formed the theory of electromagnetic fields by combining electricity, magnetism and light. Integration contributes to the invention of electric power, television and radio.
Here we are now, about 2500 years after Socrates and about 200 years after Maxwell. From electricity, photography, radio, television, computers, internet, smartphones, bitcoin. I will explain that all the great philosophers and thinkers are trying to discover and explain the mysteries of the world in order to create a negative positive for their society. One of the emerging results I have noticed from the most great ideas from classical antiquity to the present day was the emphasis on decentralization and its contribution to a negative positive impact on society. I am giving examples in the article, such as the Socratic method, the primary focus on learning and literacy during the golden age of Islam, the printing press and the United States of America. Other examples in the modern era include personal computers, the Internet (or the World Wide Web), and now blockchain technology, especially Bitcoin.
Satoshi Nakamoto’s legacy
For simplicity, we will assume Satoshi Nakamoto is a person and since Satoshi is a male name in Japanese, we will assume he is a male. I will equate the great thinkers and philosophers of the past. Considering what Satoshi has created, I imagine him as a plural and a scholar. We know that he must have a clear understanding of mathematical and cryptographic principles, but he must know the economic, social, philosophical and psychological aspects of society. I will assume he understood the history of past societies, their creation and their downfall. He had to find out what obstacles the leaders of the society had to maintain the status quo. Satoshi’s creation, Bitcoin, was and is a great idea. Many do not deny the bypass of inheritance money through the beauty of 21 million caps and the irresistible nature of Bitcoin, the security features and the brilliant concept of self-preservation. But let’s pause for a moment and take a deep breath. I and many others believe that the biggest part and feature of Bitcoin was the pseudonym of Satoshi Nakomato and the decentralization of Bitcoin.
Satoshi Nakamoto kept his identity a secret – what a wonderful feature. Thank you Satoshi Nakamoto for doing this. I wanted to reflect and try to find a period or example where ideas were given under pseudonyms. I remember when Isaac Newton was writing, there was a practice of publishing an idea or scientific article under a pseudonym. The reason was, understandably, that readers would focus on the idea rather than the author. One can attack the author instead of the idea expressed in the real name. It centers on public discourse to revolve around the virtues of real ideas. Satoshi had to know this about society. He knew that the potential social-changing effects of this idea were huge, and that his identity would hinder public discussion.
I would like to end my thoughts on the most powerful aspect of Satoshi’s creation, which is the decentralized nature of the Bitcoin network. You may have already got it before reading this article. Or at least I noticed it earlier in this article, where I mentioned the importance of decentralization as a perfect positive for society. Insightfully, this is clear now, but it wasn’t so far behind in 2017 during the proposed larger block size debate. What I didn’t realize was that being great was a great idea, it needed to be part of decentralization. Free thinking, literacy, the printing press, democracy, computers, the Internet and Bitcoin are all great ideas, but without the decentralized elements of the underlying concepts, they are unlikely to go far. Blockchain technology is a great idea and Bitcoin has captured it. Can Bitcoin last 100, 200, 500, 1000 years? No one knows. The thing I am somewhat confident about is that if a new idea comes up that is better than Bitcoin, it will probably be a technology that does not currently exist and it will have a decentralized component. I think the greatest net benefit has contributed to Satoshi’s idea that all great social-changing ideas must have decentralization as an innate and essential element.
This is a guest post by Saleh Ism. The opinions expressed are entirely their own and BTC, Inc. Bitcoin Magazine.