© Reuters German Klaus Hasselman looks at the time he appeared in the media on October 5, 2021, after winning the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics at the Max Planck Institute in Hamburg, Germany. Them
Written by Nicholas Pollard, Ludwig Burger and Simon Johnson
STOCKHOLM (Reuters) – American Saikuro Manabe of Japanese descent, German Klaus Hasselman and Italian Giorgio Parisi won the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics on Tuesday for helping to understand complex physical systems, such as the changing climate on Earth.
As a sign of the decline in man-made global warming in a UN meteorological agency decision, half of the 10 million Swedish crowns (1.15 million) will go to the prize, 90 and the equivalent of Haselman, 89, for modeling the world’s climate and reliably providing global warming.
The other half went to Paris in the early 1980s, with seemingly random movements and “hidden rules” behind the rotation of gas or liquids, which could also be applied to neuroscience, machine learning, and the formation of Sterling flight.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said in a statement, “Psycho Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann laid the foundation for our knowledge of how the Earth’s climate and humanity affect it.” “Giorgio Parisi is rewarded for his revolutionary contributions to the theory of chaotic materials and random processes.”
Hasselman, who is at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg, told Reuters from his home that he did not want to wake up from what he described as a beautiful dream.
“I’m retired, you know, and I’ve been a bit lazy lately. I’m happy to be honored. Research is ongoing,” he said.
Manabe, who works at Princeton University in the United States, laid the foundation for an understanding of the Earth’s climate in order to continue his research after moving from Japan to the United States in 1960, the academy said.
“In the context of the Cold War era of competition, the United States put a lot of effort into scientific research in the 1960s,” he said in an interview with the Japanese broadcaster NHK after learning of his award.
“It was my privilege to be invited to America, the rapid development of electronic calculators, and so I am here today to save a fortune.”
According to the academy, Hasselman developed a model about 10 years later that proved helpful in proving that mankind’s carbon dioxide emissions are causing an increase in temperature in the atmosphere.
Parisi, who dialed the winners at a media briefing announcing the winners, was asked to send a message to world leaders from October 1 to discuss UN climate change in Glasgow, Scotland.
“I think it’s very important that we make real and very strong decisions and that we move forward at a very strong pace,” said the working-year-old winner at the University of Sapienza in Rome.
In a recording published on the Nobel Prize website, the scientist said that scientists are often reluctant to take action on climate change.
“It’s just that people are reluctant to accept the fact that they have to react now for something to happen in a few years,” he said.
The work of climate change has previously been recognized by the Nobel Prize.
Former U.S. Vice President Al Gore and the UN Climate Panel won the Peace Prize in 2007 for international action against global warming, and William Nordhaus won half of the 2018 Economy Prize for integrating climate change with the Western model of economic growth.
Sweden’s climate activist Greta Thanberg is also seen as a strong contender for this year’s Peace Prize, which will be announced in Oslo on Friday.
“Doubts or denials of scientific truth are no longer visible and the message of climate science has been heard,” said Petrie Talas, secretary general of the World Meteorological Organization.
This week, the Americans won the second Nobel Prize in Physics after winning awards for David Julius and Ardem Patapautian Medicine. 10-04 Monday to discover receptors on the skin that sense temperature and touch.
The Nobel Prizes were created at the behest of Swedish dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel, and have been awarded since 1901 with only a handful of obstacles, mainly due to the two world wars.
Like last year, there will be no banquet in Stockholm due to the COVID-19 epidemic. Winners will receive their medals and diplomas in their home countries.
The announcement of the Physics Prize will be followed by the Prize in Chemistry, Literature, Peace and Economics in the coming days.
(1 = 8.7290 Swedish crown)
(Reporting by Ludwig Burger from Frankfurt; Terje Solvic in Oslo, Supantha Mukherjee and Anna Ringstrom in Stockholm, Johan Ahlander in Gothenburg, Kirsty Knoll in Berlin, Emma Fergus in Geneva and Amানe Bjr in Amsterdam, Chizu Noam in New York