ROME, Italy, Oct 01 (IPS) – Between the green hills and remote corners of rural Vietnam, it is difficult to see the economic growth that has taken place in this part of Southeast Asia in recent decades. Malnutrition among children still leads to stunting – even in cities where overweight / obesity is on the rise.
UN data show that about 10% of Vietnam’s population lives in poverty, and this is reflected in the rising rate of malnutrition and stagnation. Small farmers are generally considered to be most at risk of poverty and food insecurity. But the result of Vietnam’s last Covid-1 lockdown lockdown was a staggering unemployment rate that could push five million people into poverty অনেকেই many unsafe jobs, especially in the informal sector.
There is no shortage of examples of civil society responding to lockdown emergencies. Vietnam businessman Huang Tuan Anh, local media reported, even built a network of rice ATMs for the poor whose family income declined during the epidemic, distributing thousands of tons of rice. Other private enterprises have sprouted in poor neighborhoods.
But while some initiatives have made headlines, the broader problems of malnutrition can only be solved on a much larger scale.
According to the FAO comes food security “When all people have physical, social and economic access to food at all times, which is safe and eaten in sufficient quantity and quality to meet their food needs and food choices and is supported by adequate cleanliness, healthcare and care environment, a healthy and active life is allowed Gives”. Adequate food depends not only on quantity but also on nutritional quality.
In 2015 the Vietnamese government launched a national program for the “Zero Hunger Challenge” and in 2018 the Prime Minister signed Resolution No. 712 / QD-TTg of the Zero Hunger National Action Plan aimed at tackling malnutrition. UN Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. Biovarsity International and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), along with the National Institute of Nutrition, Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences, and other national and international partners have supported the government in its long-term efforts to transform health , According to its order.
The Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences and the Zero Hunger Office – Ministry of Agriculture, National Nutrition Institute – Ministry of Health and liaison with private and government staff, have provided technical expertise in the Nutrition Sensitive Agriculture Project under Zero Hunger. After several years of research and identification of problems and socio-demographic issues, Zero Hunger is ready to continue its pilot phase and prepare for its implementation phase. Expect to convert to improved nutrition to deal with both healthy eating habits and low nutrition and excess nutrition.
As a member of CGIAR, a global partnership that brings together international organizations engaged in food security research, the Alliance has played an active role in the preparation of the UN Food Management Conference. The focus of the Alliance will be to remind all representatives of the food industry, and especially the major corporations and all stakeholders invited to the September 23 summit in New York, that the best way to address hunger is through diversity and sustainability. The key message to take home is that only increased conservation and agro-biodiversity can guarantee the kind of food that is resilient to climate, epidemics and the abrupt change of a planet suitable for life in general.
The rate of malnutrition in Vietnam has decreased in recent years and the waves of famine with strictly reasonable food thanks to the past. Yet the memory of what made food scarcity ‘normal’ is still vivid. Climate types are now hampering recent gains and accelerating the Cowid-1 crisis, there is growing political awareness that the food system needs to change dramatically.
The Mekong River-the animal for so much agriculture and transportation অন্যতম is one of the most endangered ecosystems, said Tuan Huynh, country co-ordinator of the CGIAR Research Program for Agriculture for Nutrition and Health. The river system is increasingly unstable.
“When the climate changes unpredictably and events take an extreme turn, it becomes more difficult to say, ‘We will cultivate it because the weather is like this,'” he said, adding that water salinity is increasingly affecting paddy cultivation It impairs the quality of soil and nutrients.
Research on food system profiles has shown that strategies to address food insecurity should be applied in urban and rural areas. Across the country, especially in hilly areas and in winter, it is difficult for the poor to get some meat and vegetables.
The Coalition focuses on the connection between the agriculture and nutrition models and ensures that farmers across the country are able to express their views by technically supporting the government in surveys and guidelines using a variety of languages spoken.
To increase food production, only governments, farmers and producers need to think about how to provide more diverse and healthier food as well as improve the nutritional value of food. This is a transformation that is expected as a result of adopting a local approach to the agricultural system. Vietnam’s challenge is to find healthy food in both urban and rural areas.
Chemical fertilizers and pesticides can exacerbate food system vulnerabilities, psycho-crop production, lack of adaptability and lack of response. And there is a risk that all important links between food, people and their culture will be severed.
“Rice is the staple food in Vietnam. We mainly export rice and fruits – some asons are not available in some remote mountains so there is often not enough food in winter,” said Trung Mai, vice director of the National Institute of Nutrition. Very big problem, ”he added, referring to how food security cannot be tackled in isolation.
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© Inter Press Service (2021) – All rights reservedOriginal Source: Inter Press Service