- The United States imports more coffee than any other single country, about 6 6.6 billion.
- But in several countries, including Lebanon and Sweden, coffee drinkers drink more per capita.
- In California, more than 700 fringe coffee farms now cultivate coffee.
The United States consumes and imports more coffee than any other country in the world. But can a nation full of coffee drinkers grow a significant portion of its own here? Maybe.
In California, a domestic coffee farming initiative is underway. Led by J. Rusky, founder of Fringe Coffee, there are more than 0 coffee farms in different states. Collectively, the farms have surpassed 100,000 coffee trees planted in Central and Southern California.
“We’re using the same resources we used to grow avocados, but now farmers are making more profit, you get a good coffee and now you don’t have to travel thousands of miles to get it,” Rusky told USA Today. . “So several elements are being put together here.”
National Coffee Day 2021:Get Free Coffee, Wednesday Dunkin, Starbucks, Panera, Crispy Cream and more
Coffee Maker:These are the best of 2021
At the other end of the country, scientists at the University of Florida are also exploring how to grow coffee. This fall, researchers removed some of the plants to see how they handle the first snowfall and subsequent asons of autumn.
If the plant can be enriched, there is also the possibility of joining the Florida coffee-producing community. “We’re at the beginning of this research,” said Chris Wilson, an assistant professor in the Department of Agriculture at the University of Florida. “How our results will translate into coffee production … will be the bridge in the future.”
Coffee Breakdown: Top Producer, Consumer
According to the International Coffee Organization, the United States, the world’s top coffee importer, purchased 2.7..7 million bags weighing -0 kilograms (approximately 122 pounds) between October 2020 and September 2021. (If you add the countries of the European Union, technically it imports 40.2 million bags.)
Despite the United States being the largest buyer of coffee, Americans are not the largest coffee drinkers in the world. According to the research paper Euromonitor, Americans will have 727 per capita in 2020. drank coffee cup of coffee. Several countries drank, including Lebanon (1,294.1 cups per capita in 2020), Sweden (1,170.6), Finland (1,065.1), the United Arab Emirates (994.6), and Slovenia (928.7).
Most of the world’s coffee is grown in tropical climates, where Brazil produces about 40% of the total coffee supply মতে the equivalent of 63.4 million bags last season (October 2020-September 2021), according to the International Coffee Organization.
Other leading producers: Vietnam (2 million), Colombia (1.5.5 million), Indonesia (12 million), Ethiopia (.4 million), Honduras (million), Uganda and India (5.7 million). Each), and Mexico (million).
National Coffee Day 2021:Get free coffee at Starbucks, Dunkin, Panera, Crispy Cream on Wednesdays
Coffee Subscription:Reviewed dotcom’s best of 2021
There is a history of coffee production in the United States, mainly in Hawaii, where coffee was first introduced about 200 years ago. In 2020, Hawaii produced 5.12 million pounds of coffee (about 38,000 bags), according to World Coffee Research.
According to the State Department of Agriculture in Hawaii, the value of coffee used from the state’s 2020 crop was about .3 5.3.3 million, up 25.25% from the previous season.
Hawaii was the only state to produce coffee, but the crop has been part of the history of the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico for nearly 10000 years. However, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, coffee production in Puerto Rico dropped from 29 29.3 million in 2012 to 8 4.8 million in 2018.
Hurricane Maria destroyed coffee farms in Puerto Rico in 2001, destroying 80% of the trees, according to World Coffee Research. The company has partnered with the Hispanic Federation, Nespresso, Starbucks and other groups, including the family of “Hamilton” creator Lynn-Manuel Mirander, to create a five-year initiative to revive the island’s coffee industry.
Coffee: The Dream of California
J. Rusky did not start cultivating the coffee industry in California. At Good Land Organics, the farm he started in 1992 in Goletta, California, near Santa Barbara, where he grew avocados and rare fruits.
But in 2000, coffee entered its radar. A friend, Mark Gaskel, an adviser at the University of California Co-operative Extension, was returning from a trip to see coffee growers in the Kona area of Hawaii. As Santa flew to Barbara, Gascal told Ruski that he “looked around the hill at the foot and said, ‘It looks exactly like (the) corner (Hawaii region). Maybe we should have coffee.”
So Gaskell received some seeds from Panama and Costa Rica and gave them to Ruski, who planted them in 2002. “I grew them up just for fun because there wasn’t really market support for expensive coffee production in California,” Rusky said.
Rusky grew avocado trees as well as coffee trees, which could protect tall and short crops. Around 200 his and around 200 at auction, his plants began to demand fine, high-quality specialty coffee, earning more than ০ 100.
Coffee as a crop became a more serious consideration, but Rusky did not have all the tools needed for the labor-intensive process of processing coffee cherries. Coffee is a fruit that has two beans inside. The beans are fermented, slow-dried and cured, then shaken to remove the green beans, which are finally fried. “Like making beer or making wine, there’s this whole art form that I didn’t know existed,” Rusky said.
He acquired equipment for coffee processing and in 2011 he received 11 ratings from his Good Land Organics Katura Coffee Review and was ranked the 2nd best coffee in the world. Three years later, Russky founded Fringe Coffee and now sells coffee plants to farmers and now helps more than 70 farms develop and process their crops.
So far, seven farms are collecting coffee, the number of coffee-producing farms will double next year, Raskey said. One of the farms, the Mraj Family Farm in Oceanside, California, was founded six years ago by musician Jason Mraj, who began cultivating coffee with avocado and passion fruit.
Mraj has sold all the coffees he has brought to the market since 2019. In Panama, Ethiopia or Colombia, the latest geisha coffee, usually named after beans, sells for 80 800 per ounce bag. The fringe coffee system is “unique to the global coffee industry,” Mraj said in a news release. “Considering this extremely rare pour, coffee makers enjoy an incomparably complex cup of coffee and play their part in the development of local, regenerative agriculture and a fair trade.”
The coffee available at FrinjCoffee.com costs $ 50 or $ 80 for a 5-ounce bag, which will make about 10 to 12 cups of coffee depending on energy (this is $ 4- $ 8 per cup). The Good Land Organics Cantura ($ 50), which earned Rusky that initial appreciation, is described as a note of “sweet lemon, bright grape acidity and sweet touch of pomegranate.”
Rusky said the price is right, because the only way to compete with California coffee is to deliver quality, unique specialty coffee.
“We’re trying to make it so that our producers make some of the best flavored coffee in the world, like the wine industry,” he said. “We can’t play in the product market, we have to be the best in the world.”
Even with the increase in production, “we still have one drop in the bucket of total coffee production in the world,” Raskey said. But the extra crop helps local farmers, especially if consumers get more appreciation for their coffee part of the day and “how difficult it is for the farmer to produce this crop”.
Coffee sun condition
Coffee is being tested in Florida. Researchers at the University of Florida are experimenting with the Arabica coffee plant, which grows alongside the citrus plant, which can shade and protect small coffee plants. Most of the tests have been done in greenhouses.
A miniature camera mounted on a plastic tube will also see and record the development of roots with some coffee plants. The school’s College of Engineering will use artificial intelligence and machine learning to monitor that information and better understand plant development.
Coffee can be grown in Florida, but what needs to be studied is whether the climate will allow it to grow to achieve delicious results. “Could it ever grow what you want to drink?” Said Luke Flori, a professor in the Department of Agriculture at the University of Florida. “That’s really the question right now.”
Follow Mike Snyder on Twitter: Mikesider.