The report, released on Monday, details how the youths were subjected to indiscriminate use of mortar and artillery shells, ground warfare, anti-personnel landmines and other explosive remnants of war.
In total, more than 3,500 children have been victims of one or more serious violations; The main ones were denial of human access, killing and abduction and recruitment and use of children.
‘Wounded for Life’
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Virginia Gamba, released the results, saying that “atrocities and infinite suffering” would probably “threaten” a generation of Yemeni children for life.
“It is imperative for all parties to actively work towards a political solution to the conflict if they hope to save children from further harm,” he said. “Boys and girls are the future of Yemen. The parties to the conflict must be protected from their use and abuse and children must begin to be regarded as valuable assets. ”
It was difficult to verify the information for all serious violations recorded on the ground, report notes, and the severity of the conflict and hostility also hindered the ability to document and verify violations. The Rhe COVID-19 epidemic and related restrictions exacerbate these existing access challenges.
111 children detained
The deprivation of the liberties of 111 children accused of being involved in the conflict is also a matter of great concern.
The Special Representative said that children should be treated primarily as victims, and that deprivation of their liberty should be used as a last resort and in accordance with international juvenile justice standards for the shortest possible time.
Ms. Gamba called on the international community to continue to support the reintegration of freed children, including the Global Coalition for Reintegration of Child Soldiers.
Attacks on education continued, with 37 recorded attacks on schools and the military use of 80 schools, further undermining the right to education for boys and girls. More than two million children are currently out of the classroom.
Hope for dialogue
The report highlights the UN dialogue with the parties to the conflict and the roadmap signed in 2014 and adopted in 2018, which prompted the Yemeni government to implement its action plan to stop child recruitment and use, which has been “significantly reduced for this violation.”
The Special Representative reiterated the UN Secretary-General’s call for all parties to the conflict to continue their engagement with the UN Special Envoy for Yemen to resume a nationwide ceasefire and resume an inclusive political process to reach a comprehensive negotiated political agreement.
“Considering the rights and needs of children in the negotiations will also be important for sustainable peace and the future of the country,” Ms Gamba said, adding that the Office of Mediators’ Practical Guidelines for the Protection of Children in Armed Conflict is an important and useful tool in the Yemeni context.
“The horrific toll on the war children in Yemen must end. Peace is the only solution and children who survive need our support to make their lives healthier and rebuild, ”he stressed.