The death toll from car crashes has risen in the past year, with the epidemic even keeping many Americans off the road. The number of deaths per 100 million miles has increased by 24 percent compared to a year ago. It was the biggest single-year increase on record এবং and 2021 is just about to get worse. At the same time, the promise of autonomous vehicles was never close. Wemo and Tesla are constantly improving their autonomous capabilities, which is clearly bringing closer the promising prospects of suffering less people. But reaching that future is complicated.
The decision to move to an autonomous vehicle presents a modern approach to an old moral dilemma: the famous trolley problem.
The driver of the trolley was involved in a collision with a group of pedestrians. The driver can do nothing and kill or take action on several people on the front track, changing tracks so that only one person dies. Nowadays, doing nothing means that every year around 1.3 million people worldwide die in regular car accidents, the leading cause of death of people under the age of 30. Days. The problem is that technology has a long way to go before it can drive people safely in everyday situations. Meanwhile, it could cause death at the hands of robots, if not humans.
Waimo and Tesla are at the forefront of driverless car crashes and thus have the front seats in this dilemma. Both have the same goal – to transport people safely in autonomous vehicles – but they are working on different strategies.
Wemo, which shares a parent company with Google, is slowly and systematically introducing its autonomous vehicles in the form of robo-taxi services. The company is proud that it has logged well into autonomous driving of 20 million miles without a single death. But for now, regular people can only ride in one of the hundreds of Waimo vehicles in sunny Phoenix. Last week, the company was allowed to launch its taxi service (with a human monitor behind the wheel) in San Francisco – where the second hill complicates work, weather and traffic. The company plans to eventually launch in other cities and licens automated driver technology to car manufacturers. But Waimo doesn’t know when that will happen, as its co-CEO Tekera Mawakana told Cara Switzer at the September 2021 Code Conference that the company is “in the process of learning.”
“I would say, the engineering challenge of our generation. That’s the decent thing to do, and it should end there. ” “Security takes time.”
Meanwhile, human deaths in human accidents will continue, with 94 percent of fatal car accidents caused by human error.
On the other hand, Tesla has introduced autonomous features more quickly. In September, Tesla CEO Elon Musk announced that Safe Driving Records and those who paid for this feature could seek permission for a beta test of its “fully self-driving” technology. It includes more advanced driver support features Compared to autopilots, Tesla has existing semi-autonomous features, which help drivers drive, brake and accelerate in a lane. The company claims that the hardware কিন্তু but not the software that is still being tested সক্ষম is capable of “fully self-driving in almost all situations” in the new Tesla and is “designed to be able to travel any short and long distances.” Step. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), there are currently no fully automatic or self-propelled vehicles for sale and such technology is many years away.
The head of the National Transportation Safety Board said Tesla should address existing safety vulnerabilities before introducing new technology. Meanwhile, other Tesla critics say names like “autopilot” and “completely self-driving” believe more than their belief in technology, mistakenly removing their hands from the wheel or not paying attention.
This inconsistency has led to tragedy. In August, the NHTSA launched a formal investigation into the autopilot after an accident involving Teslas and emergency vehicles (12 so far). The agency also conducted a special investigation into a special accident that suspiciously occurred when an advanced driver assistance system was in place and resulted in 12 deaths.
Despite the deaths, Musk says, these cars are 10 times safer than regular cars.
“If you reduce the death rate to 90 percent with autonomy, for the sake of argument, 10 percent of those who die with autonomy will still sue you,” Musk told the Swiss in the code. “Percentage of the survivors don’t know that’s why they survived.”
There is some truth in this. By getting people out of the equation, autonomous vehicles have the potential to save lives and reduce countless social and economic losses. As the NHTSA puts it, “fully automated vehicles that can see and act faster than human drivers can reduce errors, resulting in crashes and their tolls.”
Getting to the future quickly without risking too much damage to what you’re trying to stop.
Has traveled two roads
If the goal is to get autonomous driving assistance to the public, Tesla is even closer. If the goal is to drive cars safely, Wemo is winning.
“Tesla is flying high-altitude or near-space and Waimo is landing on the moon,” said Mike Ramsay, vice president of research firm Gartner. “One is trying to achieve something that is much harder than the other. But that doesn’t mean that high-altitude flights can’t be higher and higher.
In other words, although Tesla probably won’t be delivering a fully autonomous car soon স despite its misleading nomenclature এটি it could get increasingly better and better support features that would eventually lead to true self-driving capabilities.
Tesla vehicles are considered Level 2 in the Automation Scale of the Engineering Society SAE International. That means the Tesla system is needed Constant driver supervision, even if the support features manage some of the steering and braking. The Waymo vehicle has 4 levels, meaning the car can drive on its own under limited geographical conditions and does not require driver supervision. However, the technology that empowers them is not ready for mass-market use outside of its testing field.
Weymour’s hardware is much more powerful than Tesla’s. It uses a number of unnecessary sensor systems, including leaders, radar and cameras, to create a real-time picture of where it is working. The company maps areas ahead of time by manually driving people through them. Tesla vehicles, meanwhile, rely solely on cameras and ultrasonic sensors.
“The more sensors you have, the more complex the system, but it makes it more secure,” Ramsay said.
Cameras are not accurate in measuring distances like leaders or radars and Their ability to map an area can be damaged by daily hazards like snow, dust, or darkness. However, cameras are much cheaper, and this is important when it comes to getting this technology in the hands of consumers.
You can buy a soup-up Model 3 Tesla for around $ 75,000. However, experts do not think that Tesla vehicles can be completely autonomous with their current hardware and will probably need to include other technologies such as Leader to get there. We don’t know the exact price of the Wyomo vehicle যা the Chrysler Pacificus and Jaguar i-Pace equipped with Wyomo sensors and autonomous driver technology কিন্তু but the former CEO of the company previously said that “it’s no more than a mid-range Mercedes S-Class” ,000 180,000. Wemo says its cost has dropped significantly with recent generations.
But by selling its vehicles to the general public, Tesla is able to collect a lot of real-world driving data that will help solve autonomous driving challenges. Raj Prince Tesla, a professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University and a pioneer in autonomous vehicles, called the data collection an “incredible advantage” but warned that the data was “part of the answer, but not the whole answer.” Still, he thinks Waimo should collect more of it from regular drivers on a regular basis.
The prince said, “Whenever they can drive themselves, we should drive them and when they don’t drive, people drive themselves.” “And for some time we gather experience. We understand what works, what doesn’t work and we refine.
Reaching a relatively wide range of Tesla means that launching a truly autonomous vehicle, when they finally make one, will be much easier.
“Tesla’s strategy is interesting because, if it works, it could be much more scalable. They could launch much faster in other cities than their competitors,” said Tasha Kinney, an analyst at Orc Invest, a major partner in Tesla. Safe driving will accelerate the future, but it will not be without cost.
“Are computers better at driving than humans? I think yes,” he said. Yes. “
What’s next for autonomous vehicles?
Experts estimate that we could get 3 or 4 levels for sale in the next 10 years. But in this period, it is not important to ignore the advantages that the pursuit of autonomous vehicles has already neglected. Cars will soon be able to take over reliably in some cases, say, on highways – where the lanes are clearly marked and the rules are quite clear – but people may occupy city streets.
Already a number of improved driver assistance features are being seen in regular vehicles. Automatic emergency braking, a technology that automatically slows or stops a car before it hits an object, has been shown to reduce injuries and fatalities and will be standard for most cars sold in the United States next year. Consumers can expect these features to spread further from the search for autonomous vehicles in the next few years.
“We should all stop thinking that something magical will happen and suddenly cars will become self-driving,” Prince said. Instead, the transfer will be characterized by features, after much testing and improvement. “This last change will be so growing that you won’t realize it happened in the last five to ten years.”
When cars become fully autonomous, there are benefits beyond safe driving. Kenny said autonomous technology would also greatly reduce the cost of travel because taxis have been used at no cost to motorists. “It will give a lot of people access to very cheap point-to-point travel, which can completely change our lives and how we travel.”
In the meantime, perhaps the front path for self-driving cars is not a binary choice at all. We will probably see a spectrum of improvements from many car companies as they incorporate more driver support features. And while technology may not be the self-driving future we have been promised in the near future, it will be better than anything.
“We should not forget the benefits that technology can bring,” said Prince. “It takes time, but we’ll finally get there.”