The Rio 201 Olympic Games had a system of manipulating the results of boxing matches by officials, an independent investigation found.
“The seeds were sown many years ago,” said Professor Richard McLaren, head of the Sports World Governing Body AIBA’s investigative committee.
The “suspicious” battles included defeats to Joe Joyce of Great Britain and Michael Conlan of Ireland.
The AIBA said it had noted the investigation reports with “concern”.
The investigation further revealed that the qualification for the 201 Games was “practice ground” where the manipulation methods were “fine-tuned”.
The investigation found that there were two fights that resulted in “the system collapsing universally” – including the Bantamweight quarter-final between Conlan and Vladimir Nikitin from Russia.
Conlan was the reigning world and European champion at the time, and his defeat caused excitement among the masses when he comfortably won.
The other was a gold medal heavyweight match between Russia’s Evgeny Tishchenko and Kazakhstan’s Vasily Levitt.
The final result of the men’s super heavyweight division between Joyce and Tony Yokar of France has also been questioned, where Joyce won the silver.
The investigation indicates that there were a total of about 11 attacks that were “suspicious” – and “others could be”.
“I’m glad,” Conlan told BBC Sport NI. “It’s been five years and it’s been a long time. I didn’t expect it.
“It’s been done and my fight has been called – it’s not news to me but it’s good news. It’s a huge day for boxing and the Olympic Games.
“Rio’s black mark will always be there and I think if I didn’t say what I said and what I did it probably wouldn’t happen now.
“I think it’s a huge day for amateur boxing and especially for the boys who suffer in Rio.
Former president ‘takes on ultimate responsibility’
As part of the AIBA’s move, Professor McLaren was hired in June to investigate the Rio 201 allegations – under new President Omar Kremlev – to reform the sport.
Following an investigation by the International Olympic Committee, the IOC suspended AIBA in 2017, banning it from hosting the Tokyo 2020 Boxing Championships.
Professor McLaren – who investigated state-sponsored doping in Russia – found that the structure of the variance within AIBA was possible because key staff decided that the rules did not apply to them.
He said the then president of AIBA, Wu Ching-kuo, “took ultimate responsibility for the failure of the Rio and qualifying events in Rio” and Uke in Rio was supported by its executive director, Karim Baujidi.
“The executive director has taken over the power of the standing commission. The commissions will let it be like the president,” McLaren said.
“Once in power, he oversees the appointment of referees and judges (R&Js) who knew what was happening but were willing to comply or who were incapable but wanted to continue as R&Js. They were blind to what was happening. Vision. “
Uke was banned for life by the AIBA in 2018.
“Boxing has a problem, it’s not about rules and procedures. It’s a people’s problem. For a long time people have worked outside the rules,” McLaren said.
In a short time, AIBA changed its R&J system from judges nominated by its own international federation, adding the next seven independently contracted 5-star permanent R & Js to a recognized 1-3 star system.
This resulted in “poorly trained” R & Js “being victimized by those with corrupt motives”.
In Rio, the executive director has selected all the R&Js. Corrupt members of the Draw Commission will influence the selection process, “so that the ‘right’ R & Js can carry out the responsibility of the fight according to the instructions”.
In a statement, President Kremlev said: “I am convinced that the boxers will have a fair fight.
“We must now carefully examine the report and consider what steps are needed to ensure justice. The important thing is that we want to make sure that there are mechanisms in place to show that the results are above doubt.”
Further reports on the investigation will be provided in November and then March 2022.
“The AIBA hired Professor McLaren because we have nothing to hide,” added President Kremlev. “We will work to include any helpful recommendations. We will also seek legal advice on what action can be taken against those involved in the scam.”
“There should be no place in the AIBA family for anyone who has decided to fight.”