I am preparing to buy a house

In an instant

  • Consider both one-time and recurring costs before deciding on a price range.
  • Understand how monthly mortgage costs affect your bottom line.
  • Understand how equity works.
  • Prepare for your future purchase by choosing an investment that matches your time frame.
  • When you’re ready to shop: Know your credit history, keep your savings price stable, and understand your loan options.

A home is probably the biggest purchase you make. But it’s more than a house – it’s a house. These tips can help you prepare to become a homeowner.

Think long-term when choosing a price range

A long-term vision can help you save and plan ahead to buy your new home. When determining how much you can spend, according to, a 28% / 36% rule is a good rule to follow. Here’s how it works: Don’t allocate more than 28% of your total monthly income to housing expenses and no more than 36% of your total debt, including housing and other expenses such as credit card bills and cars.

When you’re working to set a price that works for you, it’s important to consider:

  • Your monthly payment fits your budget to ensure your down payment, mortgage interest rate and the length of your loan.
  • Taxes and other recurring housing costs, including homeowners insurance.
  • One-time costs such as closing costs that are not calculated for your down payment. You can expect closing costs between 2% and 5% of your home purchase price.
  • Events such as maintenance costs and home improvement. You can’t allocate a dollar amount for every expense related to buying a home – but you can be realistic. Now and in the future, the reason for what it will cost to make the house comfortable.

Understand your mortgage costs

Your monthly mortgage payment consists of principal and interest. However, mortgage lenders allow you to combine annual property tax, homeowners insurance and any applicable personal mortgage insurance (PMI) for added benefits.


According to WalletHub, the average American household owns about ড 2.29 in property taxes, and property taxes vary widely in the region.

No one wants to be cautious when it comes to their property tax arrears. To avoid this kind of financial shock, many homeowners pay their mortgage payer a certain amount each month that is set aside for property taxes. The money is then kept in an escrow account until the lender pays taxes on behalf of the homeowners.

Homeowners insurance

Home insurance not only requires a mortgage, it also gives you financial protection from theft, disaster and accidental damage. There are many factors that can affect your insurance rate, which varies widely by state. Learn more* And understand the average rate for the state you want to buy.


If your down payment is not at least 20% of the purchase price of a home, your mortgage company will usually require you to get personal mortgage insurance (PMI). PMI allows you to own a home without a 20% equity stake in your home, protecting the payer when you default. This additional cost is your monthly payment (or you may have the option to pay it in a single amount annually) until your outstanding loan balance falls to 80% of your home value.

Determine your down payment and understand the equity

Before investing in a home for a specific goal like a down payment, first decide how much you want to save. The more you put forward, the higher your equity will be, which will continue to grow as you make monthly payments. If the value of your home is appreciated over time, your equity will increase even more – an important advantage if you decide to sell your home.

But remember, part of your regular monthly payment goes to principal (the amount of your principal loan), the rest goes to taxes, interest and homeowners insurance. For example, suppose you bought a house 2 years ago for 17 175,000 – put it down to 25 25,000 and took out a loan of 150 150,000. Since then, you have paid your mortgage company a total of নিয়মিত 20,000 in regular monthly payments.

However, not all of your 20,000 20,000 has been applied to your principal. Probably one-fourth of your payment – $ 5,000 was applied to your original loan amount, the other three-quarters went to taxes, interest and homeowners insurance.

If you want to increase your equity and pay off your mortgage early, consider making only a monthly or annual additional principal payment. But first check with your nder payer to make sure you will not be fined pre-payment.

Invest for your down payment

Once you know how much you want to save, now is the time to choose an investment that will work with your time frame. For example, suppose you want to make a ডাউন 10,000 down payment on a home in 6 years. If you open an account with $ 100, you’ll need to save about 4 114 a month in medium risk funds (with an average annual return of 6%) to meet your goals.

If you choose a low-risk fund and expect to receive an average annual return of 1%, you will need to save about ড 20 a month to meet your goal – suppose you open an account with $ 100 and have 6 years to save.

You can save less when you earn more

The more risk you take, the greater the reward. But the opposite is also true – the more you risk, the more you lose. Nothing is certain. When you are about a year away from needing money for your down payment, consider moving it to a less risky money market fund or savings account to protect it from fluctuations in value.

These hypothetical examples do not represent a return on any particular investment, and the rates are not guaranteed.

Get a proposed asset allocation By answering a few questions online. Or Seek the advice of a financial advisor Who can help you create a personal plan to reach your goals.

Get ready for shopping

  • Get a free review of your credit history Annual credit report. * Your rating will affect whether you have been approved for the loan and also the interest rate you will pay if you approve.
  • Make sure the settlement you want to bring is price stable and easy to access.
  • Learn about Type of loan* Compare the terms, rates and fees you want (deadlines, how interest is charged, etc.) and the payers. Remember, fixed-rate loans are safer than variable-rate loans because interest rates remain the same for life.
  • Consider getting prequalified for a loan. By doing this you can estimate what your monthly payment will be based on an estimated home purchase and let sellers know that you are serious.

* When you use this feature, you will leave and go to a third party website. Vanguard assumes no liability for third party sites or for the services rendered. Also, please be aware that when you use the services provided by third party sites, you are subject to the Terms of Service and Privacy Terms of that site, which you should carefully review.


All investments are at risk, including the potential loss of money you invest.

We recommend that you consult a tax or financial advisor about your personal situation.

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