The Secretary-General warned that the epidemic not only confirmed but also deepened existing inequalities.
A fair transition in the future to job investment, social security and net-zero migration could prevent further deepening of inequality, especially in low- and middle-income countries.
“Until now, global solidarity has been completely inadequate,” Mr Guterres said. “A renewed social contract … should be central to recovery”
According to the policy summary, extreme poverty increased between 119 and 224 million people between March and December 2020 – the first increase in 21 years.
More than three-quarters of these ‘new poor’ are in middle-income countries. At the same time, the wealth of billionaires has grown to more than 9 3.9 trillion.
The report noted that due to the epidemic, there were an estimated 75 million fewer jobs in 2021 before the crisis and 23 million fewer jobs in 2022.
It also estimates that 8.20 percent of total working hours were lost in 2020 – the equivalent of the hours worked by 255 million full-time workers a year.
This corresponds to a loss of আয় 3.3 trillion in workers’ income before government assistance.
At least 2 982 billion is needed to respond to the immediate labor market shocks of the crisis, in order to achieve “job-rich recovery” and “equitable transformation,” the report said.
Achieve universal social security
The Secretary-General called for universal social security, universal health care, income protection, education and skills training, especially for women and girls, by 2030.
As Guterres noted, many immediate and temporary measures implemented over the past year “provide a starting point”.
To achieve this we must raise significant public and private investment প্রায় about ২ 1.2 trillion to achieve universal social security coverage for low- and middle-income countries.
Investment in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and addressing the risks of climate change needs to be further enhanced, which could jeopardize 1.2 billion jobs, equivalent to 40 percent of the global workforce.
Accelerate job creation
During the presentation, Mr. Guterres announced the creation of a new global accelerator on jobs and social security in collaboration with the International Labor Organization (ILO).
He said the Accelerator’s goal is to create at least 100 million jobs by 2030, primarily in a green and caring economy, and by 2025 to expand the social security floor to 50 percent of the people who are not currently covered.
The policy brief recommends several steps to achieve this:
Integrated national and inclusive recovery strategies, expanded investment in social security.
Policy measures to expand social security for workers in the informal economy and formalize employment in the care economy.
Policies should be introduced to assist employees in high efficiency and re-efficiency.
Sound financial architecture needs to be created to consolidate investments.
To increase investment in the strategic sector, it needs to cooperate with the private sector and be strategically aligned with the Paris Climate Agreement.
Mr Guterres said the forthcoming meetings of the International Monetary Fund, the G20 and the COP2 would be an important moment in taking the world on a sustainable, resilient and inclusive path. “Global cooperation is essential to creating resilience to push for the future through an economy that works for all.”
The UN Secretary-General presented his brief at a high-level meeting on employment and social security for poverty alleviation, which brought together, in practice, world leaders, major international organizations, financial institutions, civil society, the private sector and academics.
Speaking at the event, Guy Ryder, director general of the International Labor Organization (ILO), warned that the gap between developed and developing countries was widening, “the opposite of building better.”
He said that “the world was not ready for Covid-1 for”, but now “must be ready for a recovery that benefits everyone.”
For him, it means injecting the money needed to support all countries.
“The Global Accelerator for Jobs and Social Security is designed to channel national and international, public and private financial flows to provide social security floors to 4 billion people who are out of any existing coverage and above all green economy and care for decent job creation. The scale is urgently needed in the economy now, ”he said.
Mr. For Ryder, “the level of ambition is high, because being less ambitious would be irresponsible.”