Good reason to invest in index funds

Vanguard entered unfamiliar waters in 1976 when we launched the first index fund for individual investors. Indicative funds bring tides for individual investors for massive investment and low cost. And they are still making waves.

Index funds vs. active funds

An index fund is an ETF (exchange-traded fund) or a mutual fund that is a benchmark একটি a value or measure that reflects a particular asset class. The fund is designed to work exactly as it tracks the criteria and for this reason, index funds are passive funds. If the criteria of a fund goes up or down, the fund follows.

An active fund is an ETF or mutual fund that is actively managed by a fund advisor who selects the underlying securities included in the fund in order to improve a certain benchmark. If a fund advisor chooses the right mix of securities, the fund can outperform the market. But there is always the risk that a weak security choice will weaken the fund market.

Create a diversified portfolio with just 4 index funds

  1. Keep more investment returns.

    Index funds generally have a lower cost ratio than active funds because they do not have the additional expense of consistently researching the funds and paying the fund advisor for selected securities. An expense ratio reflects how much a fund pays for administrative expenses, including portfolio management, and is reflected as a percentage of the fund’s average net assets. This means that if the expense ratio of a fund is 0.10%, you will pay $ 1 for every $ 1,000 invested in the fund – the amount automatically deducted from your investment return.

    It is important to note that not all index funds are created equal. Vanguard Index Mutual funds and ETFs have one additional advantage: their average spending ratio is 73% lower than the industry average. *

  2. Pay less taxes.

    Since an index fund tracks a benchmark, the fund trades something, which means it does not generate much capital gains. Capital gain is the profit by selling securities at a higher price than the price.

    If a fund sells an underlying security for a profit, it needs to be paid along with its shareholders ’earnings as a distribution at least once a year. If you keep a fund that distributes to a taxable (e.g., non-retirement) account, these distributions are treated as income and are subject to tax.

  3. Easily create a diversified portfolio.

    You can create a diversified portfolio that contains only 4 total market index funds representing all sectors of the market. Remember, your asset allocation – how much you invest in each of these 4 index funds – will depend on your investment goals, timelines and risk tolerance.

Create a diversified portfolio with just 4 index funds

These 4 total market index funds – when used in combination – cover almost all aspects of the US and international stock and bond markets, which can help reduce your overall investment risk while making it easier to manage your portfolio. Funds are available as ETFs or mutual funds. (Not sure what to choose? We can help.)

Ready to invest in index funds?

Discover the benefits of passive investing.

* Vanguard average cost ratio: 0.07%. Industry average spending ratio: 0.23% for all average index mutual funds and ETFs and asset-based. The industry excludes the average vanguard. Sources: Vanguard and Morningstar, Inc., as of December 31, 2019.

For more information about vanguard funds or vanguard ETFs, visit to get a prospectus or, if available, a summary prospectus. The prospectus contains investment objectives, risks, charges, expenses and other important information about a fund; Read and consider carefully before investing.


All investments are at risk, including the potential loss of money you invest.

Diversity does not guarantee gain or protect from loss.

There is no guarantee that any specific asset allocation or combination of funds will meet your investment objectives or give you a certain income level.

Investing in stocks or bonds issued by a non-US company is a matter of risk, including country / regional risk and currency risk.

Bond funds are subject to the risk that an issuer will fail to pay on time and the price of the bond will fall because of rising interest rates or a negative perception of the issuer’s ability to pay. Investing in bonds is subject to interest rates, credit and risk of inflation.

You must buy and sell Vanguard ETF shares through Vanguard Brokerage Services (we offer them commission-free) or through other brokers (which may charge a commission). See Vanguard Brokerage Service Commission and Fee Schedule for complete information. Vanguard ETF shares are not redeemable in any way other than the merger of millions of dollars worth directly with the issuing fund. ETFs are subject to market volatility. When buying or selling an ETF, you will pay or accept the current market price, which may be more or less than the net asset value.

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