The UN chief spoke at an open debate on diversity, state-building and the search for peace hosted by Kenya this month, which is chaired by a rotating council this month.
“Diversity should not be seen as a threat to countries that have emerged from the horrors of conflict and are looking to a better future – indeed for all countries. It is a source of energy, ”he said.
Inclusion and participation
He emphasized that “peace cannot be found in a piece of paper”, but spoke of how the UN’s major inequalities and weak governance could create room for intolerance and extremism, which could lead to violent conflict. Inclusion has the opposite effect.
By opening the door to inclusion and participation, “we have taken a huge step towards conflict-prevention and peace-building,” he said.
“Since countries want to establish lasting peace, they need to include and include all segments of the population in the process of rebuilding their populations and maintaining peace,” he said.
The meeting was chaired by Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta because most situations in the Security Council program arose from internal conflicts where identity issues জাতি ethnic, racial, religious or socio-economic একটি played a role.
Rwandan President Paul Kagame, former South African President Thabo Mbeki, as well as Fawzia Kaufi, the first female deputy speaker of the Afghan parliament, were present at the briefing.
Promote human rights
The Secretary-General emphasizes three areas for action, starting with national institutions and laws ensuring work for all people through the protection and promotion of human rights.
“This means enforcing policies and laws that protect vulnerable groups – including laws against discrimination based on race, ethnicity, age, gender, religion, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity,” he said.
Take people forward
Countries emerging from instability cannot afford to ignore the views of the entire population, which could exacerbate future discontent, the UN chief warned. Instead, they should look for ways to give a bigger voice to the tribal areas.
Speaking in French, Mr. Guterres said, “The government must find a way to bring the people together.
Work to open and streamline dialogue between UN activities, state institutions and local peoples on the ground “so that everyone can have a hand in shaping the future of their country,” he said.
Women and youth are essential
For its third point, the Secretary-General emphasizes the importance of including women and youth because “building and sustaining peace requires their voices and actions.”
This is something that UN peacekeeping operations and special political missions strongly emphasize.
For example, the UN Mission in Somalia, UNSOM, has trained emerging politicians from various political parties in the country. It has supported the authorities and women leaders in implementing the gender0 per cent gender quota in national elections.
“As a global community, we must continue to encourage and support the full and active participation of women and youth in this journey,” he said.
Afghan women want inclusion
“Literally, they are making us invisible again,” said Fawzia Kofi, a former leading member of parliament.
Since there is gender equality in the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), she said the political process, structure and working methods must be more responsive to women’s needs.
“In Afghanistan, for example, we want direct and face-to-face talks with the Taliban,” he told the council via video conference. “You can include us in your own mediation team. You can also facilitate a meeting of one of our women’s delegations with the Taliban. We want it to return to our sisters’ homes.”
Emotions and discussions
In his speech, Rwandan President Kagame outlined how peace is an ongoing process. Although it will be impossible to prevent all conflicts, their intensity and impact can be reduced by focusing on local needs and expectations.
“It means investing in the capabilities of institutions and individuals so that they can deliver the expected and deserving results to citizens,” he said via video conference.
He added that the establishment of peace is not entirely technical but deeply political and humanitarian, and that the emotions and memories that various parties bring to the negotiating table must be considered.
“Multilateral organizations such as the United Nations and the African Union have a central role to play in many situations. Civil society groups, especially those led by women who play important roles like business leaders.
Fight against hate speech
Kenyan President Kenyatta made a number of recommendations to the international community, including reviewing whether global institutions are currently “fit for purpose” in building a more inclusive world.
He called on the government, the United Nations and social media companies to cooperate in dealing with hate speech and incitement.
“This may include a global code of conduct agreed by companies, and the development of early warning tools to facilitate increased trend detection and pre-zero action,” he said.
The Kenyan president also looked forward to the COP26 climate change conference in November, saying it provides an opportunity to ensure that adaptation commitments will accelerate development, investment and employment.
“Climate adaptation will certainly provide a clear and effective path to green industrialization for Africa and the Global South,” he said.