“Yemenis, without exception, emphasize the need to end the warHe highlighted the urgent need to stabilize the economy, improve basic services and facilitate free movement within the country and at the border.
UN officials say Yemenis have also acknowledged that their country cannot be effectively ruled by a single group and that “Pluralism will be needed for a lasting peace”
He said Yemenis have expressed concern to the UN envoy about the systematic erosion of fundamental rights and state institutions, as well as a generation of war-wounded children who lack basic education.
“So ending the war is not only a first, but an essential step in a long recovery that includes healing the social wounds that continue to plague every day.”
Bridging the growing gap
Noticing a wide gap in trust between the warring parties, Mr. Grandberg noted that “a lasting solution is possible only through a broad-based political settlement.”
He said there should be “no preconditions” for urgent political talks and stressed that humanitarian measures would “not be used as a political advantage”.
“Dialogue and compromise is the only sustainable way forwardA[and] Measures to mitigate the immediate effects of the conflict on civilians are crucial, “said the UN envoy.
In addition to paying salaries, roads need to be opened in Taiz, Marib and other places, and the ban on fuel and goods needs to be lifted through the important Red Sea port of Hudaydah, where most goods have to go to Yemen.
He said these measures, which could lead to “real improvements” in the immediate term, must be urgently addressed by the parties and encouraged by the international community, especially the regional member states.
The center of the battle
Mr Grandberg told the ambassadors that military growth on the ground in Marib and its environs as a “battleground” had taken “a worrying turn”, leaving thousands of people in a state of despair.
“We reiterate our call on all parties to facilitate safe, timely and sustainable humanitarian access to the affected areas,” he said.
At the same time, public executions, enforced disappearances, murders, and the use of live ammunition against protesters leave a legacy of widespread human rights abuses.
Despite continued impunity, a lack of guilt, and a failure to renew the mandate of a group of prominent experts, Mr Grandberg said the UN would “continue to press for accountability”.
During his visit to Aden, he highlighted the importance of economic recovery and the provision of basic services, but noted that sustainable development is impossible without political actors working across political divisions.
Pointing to serious security incidents in the south, including attempted assassinations of government officials, the UN envoy described the current situation as “incompetent”, and stressed the importance of implementing the Riyadh agreement to end conflict between the government and separatist allies in the south. Country
He praised the UN mission’s “tireless efforts” to support the Hudaydah Accord to reactivate the work of the Re-employment Coordinating Committee, calling it the only effective framework to ensure sustainable de-escalation, reducing the impact of violence on civilians and alleviating the “humanitarian situation”.
Political compromise ‘must be’
At the time of the shutdown, the UN envoy said an inclusive political settlement would be “a laborious and complex task that will take time, but it will certainly happen”.
On the one hand the growing tension between the pace of the war and the economic downturn and on the other hand the time needed to determine and consult a possible way forward, on the other hand, he said, “my goal is to build a deal on the way forward”.
“Yemen is becoming more violent – no less,” said Ramesh Rajasingham, the UN’s deputy emergency relief coordinator.
He noted that the war was wreaking havoc on civilians because humanitarian funds were running out and they would soon have to shut down millions of programs.
“Organizations are committed to playing our part in helping donors maintain support,” he said, adding that next month the UN humanitarian office OCHA will release an impartial, nationwide need assessment and evidence-based response plan, which will continue throughout the year.
“Your continued support will be critical to this work, and we will keep you updated as we progress,” he told the ambassadors.
Meanwhile, a briefing by the Sana Center for Strategic Studies, Maysa Abdulrahman Shuja Addin drew attention to the need to distribute the covacs vaccine to restore the energy sector, fulfill workers’ wage promises, stop state corruption and combat the outbreak of Covid-1. Across the country, fairly.