Cyprus has been divided for more than four decades, and the leaders of the Greek and Turkish communities last met in 2019 at the UN-facilitated conference in Berlin.
He stressed that there is only one plan: to reach an agreement on the basis of bi-zonal, bi-communal federation with political equality, established in accordance with the relevant resolution of the UN Security Council and the principles of the EU.
“A settlement that will lead to a functioning and effective state without the obsolete system of guarantees, the right to intervene, the presence of foreign troops or any kind of foreign dependence. A settlement that will benefit all Cypriots, Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots equally, Will show respect and contribute to peace and stability in the region.
Mr. Anastasiades was one of the keynote speakers at the fourth day of the week at the General Assembly. After being practically held last year due to the coronavirus epidemic, this year’s gathering will feature “hybrid” activities that will include leaders in person with virtual participants.
Solutions and discussions
Mr Anastasiades said he stood in the General Assembly Hall “representing a country that unfortunately still suffers the consequences of a violation of fundamental UN principles, as a result of Turkey’s illegal military aggression in 1974 and the ongoing occupation.”
He said it was not his intention to “take part in the blame game”, but opposed the Turkish claim that the compromise effort was over.
“When new ideas are put forward by us, it becomes more difficult to reach an agreement at the request of the Secretary-General and in an effort to move the process forward,” he added.
Among his proposals, he called for decentralization of the exercise of power, an alternative to a parliamentary system of rotating a formal head of state and prime minister, and more recently, inviting Turkish Cypriots to rejoin state institutions.
Feelings of frustration
The Cypriot president highlighted the “feeling of frustration” among the world, saying it was “caused by a wide gap between words and deeds, between happy announcements and promises and the results of the steps we have promised”. ”
Speaking about the major global challenges, he argued that a “collective and shared failure” has frustrated many people around the world whose basic human rights and dignity are not adequately protected.
For him, to solve these problems, here is just one answer: “Diversity, real solidarity and strong partnership, based on a positive agenda.”
He described the problem of climate change as a “threat” for his region, and said Cyprus had taken a coordinating role in formulating a regional action plan.
He also spoke about recent developments in Afghanistan and called on member states to “share a shared responsibility in protecting international humanitarian law, especially for women and minorities.”
“We must also ensure that Afghanistan does not become a safe haven for terrorism and extremism, or a breeding ground for organized crime, arms and drug trafficking, and a new wave of illegal immigration,” he added.
Finally, he argued that the “moral, ethical and political duty of world leaders to highlight the essence of human civilization is far greater than ever, to unite our forces to maintain international peace and security and to establish a situation that can bring prosperity and well-being to all.” To do. ”
“I hope that next year we will be in a position to be proud of ourselves because we have taken important steps towards fulfilling that dream.”
Read the full statement in English here.