The key message from Carlos Ruiz Massieu, special envoy and head of the UN verification mission in Colombia, was conveyed to ambassadors to the Security Council on Thursday.
For him, the first ex-conflict zone to be completely cleared of landmines and the expansion of the Truth Commission are examples of this success.
Mr. Massie was briefing the Council on the situation of Latin American nations in the Secretary-General’s Quarterly Report.
In these five years, we have seen the determination of Colombian society to complete its transformation towards peace. While we are at a critical juncture in the integration of the process, I thank the Council for its confidence, an essential source of support for Colombia. #UNSCpic.twitter.com/QzY0dJyFZG
– Carlos Ruiz Massieu (G CG Ruizmasieu) October 14, 2021
“As the Secretary-General has said, this is an opportunity to reflect on what we have achieved, as well as to renew our day-to-day commitments to reflect what we have lost and to strengthen peace,” he said.
Work in progress
For the Special Representative, meeting those goals will largely depend on the ability of all parties to deliver on the commitments made five years ago.
Mr Massey highlighted the leadership potential of ex-combatant women and women social leaders, saying their “full participation and application of the gender system is a necessary condition for peace.”
Despite these advances, the Special Representative has expressed concern that some major priorities are among the biggest dangers.
Noting that Afro-Colombian and indigenous communities have suffered the most, he argued that “this requires urgent and simultaneous implementation of all security guarantees provided in the peace agreement.”
Addressing the need for alternative development of the illicit economy, he said, “The long-term success of the initial investment depends on the promise of the agreement to reshape rural Colombia.” For him, it simply creates “opportunities for sustainable development, state services and institutions for communities whose expectations remain unfulfilled.”
Mr Mass. Concludes that in these five years, the world has “seen the determination of Colombian society to move towards peace.”
“As we enter a critical phase in the integration of the process, I thank the Council for its confidence, an essential source of support for Colombia,” he said.
In the report, the Secretary-General highlighted some of the “terrible challenges and risks” that the country still faces, such as the ongoing violence in various regions.
During the period covered by the report, from 2 June to 2 September September 2021, the United Nations registered the killing of 1 FARC-EP ex-combatant (all men), bringing the total number to 222 (nine women) since the treaty was signed.
In addition, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights has received information that 43 human rights defenders have been killed, with a total of 158 killed in 2021. In addition, 11 genocides have been recorded, of which 38 have been killed.