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Colin Powell, the first black secretary of state, has died at the age of 84 from complications. News

Colin Powell, The first African-American to serve as U.S. Secretary of State, a four-star U.S. Army general, and the first African-American chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, died Monday in complications of COVID-19, CNN reported. He was 84 years old.
The Bronx, NY, rose to prominence in the U.S. military to shape foreign U.S. foreign policy in the 80s and 90s, including working under a number of presidents. Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton And both George H. W. Bush And George W. Bush, As well as leading the effort behind Operation Desert Storm during the 1991 Persian Gulf War.
In a post on his Facebook page, Powell’s family said he had been vaccinated against the coronavirus. CNN reported that he was suffering from multiple myeloma, a blood cancer that weakens the body’s ability to fight infection.
“We would like to thank the medical staff at Walter Reed National Medical Center for their careful treatment. We have lost a wonderful and loving husband, father, grandfather and a great American, “the family said in a statement.
Video: Colin Powell – A portrait of a leader
Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin It was the first Monday morning to mourn the loss of his longtime friend and mentor.

Low onset

Colin Luther Powell, son of Jamaican immigrants, was born April 5, 1937, and grew up in a working-class neighborhood in the South Bronx. He studied at City College, New York, where he studied geology. But his military career began when he joined ROTC there and received an Army commission as a second lieutenant after graduating in 1958.
A few years later in Vietnam, he made two tours of duty, first as an adviser to the South Vietnamese army in 1962, when he was wounded. He returned in 1968 as Assistant Chief of Staff of the 23rd Infantry Division. During that trip, he survived a helicopter crash and was credited with rescuing three comrades. Returning from Vietnam, he earned an MBA from Georgetown University.
Powell, who became a four-star general, served as a national security adviser under President Reagan while serving as a lieutenant general in the U.S. military and also sat on the National Security Council. But his star continued to rise, prompting President George HW Bush to elect him chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the first African American.
Related: Retired General Colin Powell publicly supports Joe Biden at the 2020 DNC

But Powell is best known for his role in decision-making during the military operation in the Persian Gulf, when he was chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and US forces invaded Kuwait in an attempt to overthrow Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. Bush and the then Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney Powell and General Norman Schwarzkopf Launch Operation Desert Storm by forming an alliance with Great Britain, France, Italy, Syria and Italy to liberate Kuwait.
Looking back on that operation, Powell recalled the effort he had to make in an interview with the Military Officers Association website MOAA.org.
“In the early days after Iraq invaded Kuwait, we had to figure out what to do. It is known that we had a dispute with the administration, “he said. “It simply came to our notice then. My position was: Mr. President, tell us what you are prepared to do and we will show you how we will do it. “
However, Powell is also known for his role in the decision to wage war in Iraq and Afghanistan, just weeks after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. He was chosen by President George W. Bush as Secretary of State. Won the 2000 election, again the first African American to be elected to office, and was unanimously confirmed by the Senate.
After the attack, the nation was in crisis, with many in Congress demanding action. There is a growing sense in the Bush administration to remove Saddam Hussein from power. Powell warned the president that building a democratic nation would be difficult, but he went to the UN in 2003, suing for a new invasion of Iraq in search of “weapons of mass destruction.” Inspectors never found such weapons, but Congress approved the use of military force in 2003 in both Iraq and Afghanistan, which eventually led to America’s longest war, ending only this year.
Powell later lamented his part in what was considered a reckless pursuit of an expensive war for America. In his memoirs It worked for me, life lessons and leadership, He said he did not realize then that much of the evidence of the alleged weapon was incorrect.
“I’m mostly mad at myself for not smelling the problem,” Powell wrote. “My instincts have failed me.”

Post service life

After leaving the cabinet, Powell devoted much of his energy to the speaker circuit and the foundation of leadership of which he was a part. He and his wife, Alma America, began their commitment to supporting and encouraging the leadership of young people from all walks of life. But since 1990, his name has been emerging as a potential candidate for the presidency.
He supported its campaign Of. John McCain In 2008, and was even mentioned as a potential running mate. However, later that year, Powell backed Illinois Sen. Barack Obama During an interview with NBC News Meet the press.

Although he has served in the Republican administration and described himself as a “moderate” GOP member, he was highly critical of President Donald Trump, saying the party should “hold on” and stand for the former president. “Right now, Republican leaders and members of Congress – both in the Senate and in the House – are lagging behind because they are worried about what will happen if any of them talk,” he said. In an interview with CNN.
Powell is survived by his wife Alma; His son Michael, Who was chairman of the Federal Communications Commission from 2001 to 2005; And two daughters, Linda And Ann Mary.
He has twice won the Presidential Medal of Independence and the Congressional Gold Medal, the Presidential Citizen’s Medal and the Secretary of State’s Service Medal.





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