The Kunming Declaration, adopted at the end of the latest high-level session of the UN Biodiversity Conference in Kunming, China, called on the state Make urgent decisions to protect biodiversity and recognize the importance of conservation in human health.
The segment opened on Monday in the run-up to the UN Biodiversity Conference, COP15, and created the Kunming Biodiversity Fund, which President Xi Jinping pledged about 0 230 billion to fund and support biodiversity among developing countries.
The Japanese government has announced that it will increase the Japan Biodiversity Fund by 17 billion.
The signatory countries will work towards its full realization 2050 The Vision of “Living in Harmony with Nature”, Post-epidemic recovery policies, programs and plans contribute to the sustainable use of biodiversity and contribute to inclusive development.
“The adoption of the Kunming Declaration is a clear indication Global support for the level of ambition that needs to be reflected in the post-2020 global biodiversity framework It will be finalized in Kunming next spring, ”said Elizabeth Maruma Mrema, executive secretary of the Convention on Biodiversity.
The main ingredient
Among the key elements of the contract Recognize the full and effective participation of local communities and indigenous peoples to periodically redirect harmful subsidies and assist in monitoring and reviewing progress.
At the high-level meeting, the Global Environment Facility, through the partnership of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), pledged to provide rapid financial and technical assistance to developing countries.
The European Union has doubled its external funding for biodiversity, while French President Macron has pledged to “use 30 percent of the climate fund for biodiversity,” according to a press release from the convention secretariat.
The UK has also announced that a significant portion of its increased climate funding will be directed towards biodiversity.
In addition, an alliance of financial institutions with assets of 12 trillion euros, is committed to protecting and restoring biodiversity through their activities and investments.
The risk of human survival
Speaking at the high-level meeting, Huang Runqui, China’s Minister of Environment and Environment and President of COP15, said that despite progress since the first global agreement on biodiversity conservation and sustainable use, with the adoption of the Convention on Biodiversity, “we still have an unprecedented global species I am facing a terrible situation. ”
“Loss of biodiversity and degradation of ecosystems pose great risks to human survival and sustainable developmentMr Huang added that the moment “indicates a new political will to increase ambition, increase cooperation and maximize opportunities for cooperation among other multilateral agreements.”
The segment, including the intervention of Josefa Touli of Igorot in Eboloi-Kankana in the Cordillera region of the Philippines, has so far been marked by an emotional call for transformational action, who asked: And what do you have to be?
The next step
The countries are expected to adopt the proposed global biodiversity framework in May 2022 after further formal talks next January.
The United Nations Conference on Biodiversity consists of three cooperative meetings. In addition to COP15, meetings of the parties to the Cartagena Protocol on biosecurity, and the Nagoya Protocol on access and sharing of genetic resources are also being held.
The conference is being held in two phases. The current division runs through Friday and will meet in person in Kunming from April 25 to May 8, 2022.