TECHNOLOGY

As the number of covids increases, so do hospital-related infections


The news is disappointing, but it should come as no surprise to officials who were seeing amp patients in the hospital in 2000, as there were no vaccines and few effective treatments; In 2021, because the vaccine is being rejected. Arjun Srinivasan, a physician and associate director of the CDC’s program for infection prevention, said, “We really had a perfect storm in terms of health-related infections and covid. “

During the first wave, he noted, patients who come to the hospital with severe covid are older, have chronic illness, possibly immunocompromised – and as a result, are more likely to end up in an ICU and require ventilation tubes to deliver blood to their bloodstream and port. With many patients, healthcare workers were thin-stretched, more at risk of avoiding preventive actions – and with this short supply of PPE, patients were at higher risk of inadvertently carrying pathogens. Srinivasan says, “Therefore at the same time you have more patients than before, you have less staff than you normally would take care of them.” “The normal system of care delivery breaks down because you get too much demand for care, and there aren’t enough healthcare providers to deliver it.”

Last year there was an uncomfortable expectation that this could happen. In November, a team of researchers from New York and St. Louis made the prediction American Journal of Infection Control As the covid improves, people with less severe illness or postponed surgery will be less likely to go to the hospital. They predicted that this would lead to an increase in critically ill patients who would need interventions directed towards hospital infections. They based that prediction on initial signals from their own organization: In the first three months of the U.S. pandemic, Central Line-linked bloodstream infections increased by 420 percent in one hospital and 327 percent in another, compared to the previous 15 months.

“At my organization, Covid came to us in mid-March 2020, and April was the worst month for hospital infections in our hospital history,” said Kathleen M. McMullen, Christian Hospital’s Senior Manager of Infection Prevention and Occupational Health. Northwest Health Care in St. Louis and the first author of that study. “While talking to colleagues nationally, we heard that they were also working on it, and thought ‘we need to figure it out.'”

The team further predicted that some departmental infections, such as those caught on surgical injection, would decrease as elective surgery was postponed. Their instincts were tough. New data from the CDC shows that hospital infection rates dropped last year after colon surgery or hysterectomy with surgical site infections (such as the need for an open incision, not laparoscopy) and also It’s hard, Malignant intestinal infections that increase when broad-spectrum antibiotics disrupt the balance of intestinal bacteria.

All of this is understandable given the conditions in which hospitals were in this first wave, McMullen said: Come on. ”

The CDC uncovered data matched the observations and then predictions of McMullen and his colleagues. But he says it could actually be Less presentation Hospital infections across the country, because the first wave of patient care was so intense that the Federal Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services allowed hospitals to suspend mandatory reporting between April and June.

The CDC data contains a particularly predictable signal. The number of infections that increased between the end of 2019 and the end of last year has increased by one-third due to the spread of bacteria – infectious bacteria in the bloodstream, which can lead to sepsis and septic shock caused by MRSA. It was the only drug-resistant infection among their drugs because it was one of the infections that needed to be reported to CMS. (MRSA and all staph bacteria live on the skin, so piercing it with a catheter or incision can carry the bacteria inside the body.)



Source link

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button