According to the results of a study, about 91% of deaths from natural disasters recorded between 1970 and 2019 occurred in developing countries. The study added that the cause of so many deaths was primarily due to the lack of warning systems and disaster management protocols.
Using blockchain to store climate data
It has been shown that advances in technology can help reduce the number of deaths caused by floods or cyclones. Unfortunately for third world countries, their poor access to central data that is used to predict weather types means that the number of deaths due to natural disasters is unacceptably high.
It was this tragic situation that prompted the people behind the Kanda Weather Ballon project and the creators of the Telos protocol to find an unusual solution to the problem – the use of blockchain. Already, the project is empowering African University students to use the Telos blockchain to provide an effective solution to the lack of real-time and historical climate information in West Africa by building a community-owned balloon network.
Telos uptime and minimum storage costs
Proponents of the Kanda Weather balloon project believe that gathering information in this way will enable communities to be prepared for and recover from difficult weather. Therefore, to learn more about this balloon project and how blockchain makes this type of data collection affordable, Bitcoin.com News reached out to Nicholas Lopez. Lopez is a former Boeing software engineer and the current chief engineer of Kandahar.
Below is Lopez’s response to a question sent to him via email.
Bitcoin.com News (BCN): Can you briefly tell us why weather tracking is important?
Nicolas Lopez (NL): Top air observations with in-situ sensors are important because there is currently very little data on the subject. Weather satellites are very good at measuring values near the ground but work poorly in the middle of the atmosphere. Most weather models require 35,000 feet or more of data to provide good forecasts about rainfall and even climate.
For example, we have seen instances where a single weather balloon has been launched from Douala, Cameroon changing the initial model condition to 5+ degrees Celsius, 100 miles southeast of Nigeria. Without this data, the models rely on false data estimates and work very poorly, especially in West Africa. We are talking to the weather company Climacell.org to show how just a few launch stations can greatly affect the accuracy of rainfall forecasts.
BCN: How does it work and why telos?
NL: We use the Telos blockchain to store data collected from our launches. Due to limited funding by NOAA and the use of outdated data storage, it is already difficult to get most of the weather information. We use blockchain because it has 100% uptime and low storage costs for small amounts of data. Also, the Telos Smart Agreement allows us to send digital currency “mining” prizes to real-time balloon launchers.
We call it “mining” because atmospheric pressure always decreases with altitude and it’s hard to duplicate anyone on the ground … like bitcoin hashes can’t be duplicated. When the sensor measures the low pressure value, it knows that the balloon has been turned on and sends the telomere coin accordingly.
BCN: Do you have any plans to expand it to other parts of the continent?
NL: Telos has active communities in Kenya, Zimbabwe and Nigeria and they are growing. Telos has recently been listed on Kukwain, which is widely used as an off-rampamp in the local currency of Telos in Nigeria. Kanda is currently working with university students in Nigeria, Ghana and Cameroon, but we want to expand to other parts of Africa, such as Kenya, due to the abundant rainfall near Lake Victoria. We think we can add a lot of value there.
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