A challenging time for emerging markets

Jonathan Lemco,
Vanguard is a senior investment strategist

Of course, individual emerging markets differ from similar ones, and the pace and direction of recovery may vary significantly from region to region and country to country. The progress of the Covid-1 of, more than anything else, will determine the conditions.

But for emerging markets, or for patient investors who stop trading the larger risks / rewards that these markets can provide, all is not lost.

First a disease-progress story

Any economic forecast these days is filled with uncertainty, depending on the extent to which the epidemic spreads and countries reduce activity to prevent it from happening. The IMF says a particularly pessimistic near-term outlook for Latin America and the Caribbean, and reflects the spread of the disease there.

As of April, the IMF had forecast the region’s economy to decline by -2.2% in 2020. In the June forecast, the IMF sees the region shrinking to – .4. %%. This is a difference of more than 4 percentage points compared to a decrease of less than 2 percentage points for all other emerging and developing regions in the same period and in terms of developed economies.

2020 and 2021 emerging market growth outlook

The example shows the broad emerging markets of 2020 and 2021 and the percentage of GDP growth for emerging regions.  The current full year 2020 estimate is up to June 2020;  This example includes the full-year 2020 estimates made in April 2020, which were later revised.  Figure data is as follows: All emerging markets - 2020 negative% .0% growth, revised from negative 0.0% in April 2020 and 2021 growth to 5.9%;  Latin America and the Caribbean - 2020 growth negative to negative.  Emerging and developing Europe - negative growth of 5.8% in 2020, revised from negative 5.2% in April 2020, and growth of 3.3% in 2021;  Middle East and Central Asia - Growth is projected to be negative 7.7% by 2020, negative 8. %% in April 2020 and 3. %% growth is projected in 2021;  Sub-Saharan Africa-2020 negative growth of 2.2%, revised from negative 1. %% in April 2020 and growth of 2021 4.4%;  Emerging and Developing Asia - 2020 projected negative 0.8% growth, revised from 1.0% in April 2020 and projected 7.4% growth in 2021.Note: The numbers reflect the percentage of full-year GDP growth or contraction over the previous year.
Source: Vanguard, using data from the International Monetary Fund until June 2, 2020.

Brazil, the largest economy in Latin America, followed the United States alone in confirmation, with more than 1.3 million and more than 58,000 deaths. Mexico, the region’s second-largest economy, ranks second among emerging market countries in terms of Covid-1 deaths – ahead of India, Russia and China. Peru and Chile are in the top ten in confirmed cases worldwide.D

Much about the progression of the virus and the economic recovery depends on the tough decisions that governments make. In many Asian countries, primary control systems, along with cultures accustomed to compliance, seem to be paying off in reducing the incidence of the disease.

The long-term challenge

Outside of virus control efforts, policymakers in most of the world’s economies adopt “whatever” financial methods to advance weak businesses and individuals. The central bank’s liquidity provisions have helped stabilize the financial markets. Where emerging markets lack capacity, if not willing, to respond on a similar scale, they benefit from the spillover effect of functional markets.

Indeed, portfolio flows have begun to return to emerging markets that have broken down in recent months. New bond issues are meeting growing demand rather than supply, an indication that international investors are starving for yields. They acknowledge that emerging economies face serious challenges but are still interesting when the best-yielding advanced markets মার্কিন the United States, Canada, and Australia-rarely have positive and others have negative yields.

Many emerging markets rely on exports of goods, especially oil, and would welcome a reversal in prices. Oil prices have rebounded in the past two months, which turned briefly negative when the broader virus-induced market disruption was at their highest. But they are not returning to where emerging markets were needed amid growing demand and supply disputes between Russia and Saudi Arabia that have declined but not disappeared.

Another challenge for emerging markets মার্কিন the U.S.-China trade dispute করো is predicted by the coronavirus. Some emerging markets, such as Vietnam, Indonesia and Mexico, may benefit from the restructuring of the supply chain. But the lack of a stable economic relationship between the world’s two largest economies carries the cost of massive loss-of-opportunity.

Impact for investors

Since the 1997-1998 Asian financial crisis and Russia’s 1998 debt penalties for defaulters in their currency and other financial markets, many emerging-market countries have learned some valuable lessons. They acknowledged the economic dangers of corruption, patronage, and infrastructure development and acknowledged the importance of low debt burden, adequate reserves, adequate growth, low inflation, flexible exchange rates, and political stability. Some have done better than others.

The epidemic on the one hand, features that have attracted investors to emerging markets, such as the possibility of their growth in a favorable population remains intact.

To the extent that investors believe that a proactive approach to capitalizing on the differences between emerging markets is in the best position, we support active at low cost as a way to remove headwinds. Whether investors choose actively managed or index funds, Vanguard remains steadfast in our belief in global diversity, a portion of portfolios in emerging markets and long-term investments.

DJohns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center until June 30, 2020.


All investments are at risk, including the potential loss of money you invest.

In a diversified portfolio, profits from some investments can help offset losses from others. However, diversity does not guarantee gains or protect against losses.

Investing in bonds is subject to interest rates, credit and risk of inflation.

Emerging market securities are subject to national and regional political and economic risks and the risk of currency fluctuations. These risks are especially high in emerging markets.

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