TECHNOLOGY

20 years after the anthrax attack, we are still not ready


It was still there Early when Larry Bush arrives in Garni in the emergency room of the JFK Medical Center in Atlantis, Florida, part of a wide range of cities stretching from Miami to West Palm Beach. Bush was the hospital’s chief of staff and infectious disease physician, on his way to regular meetings in the morning, but some ER physicians told him to leave. A 63-year-old man named Bob Stevens was brought in at 2:30 a.m. with a roaring fever. Now he was Komotos and was plugged into the ventilator, next to his frightened wife.

The wife told Bush their story. As he later recalled, he said that they lived a few miles away, near the sea. Her husband Boca Ratne worked for a company that published supermarket tabloids, but they were out of state for a week to meet their daughter. He started to feel sick from the day before he went home on Long Drive, and went to bed as soon as they arrived. He woke her up in the middle of the night, wandering around the room confused.

Fever, confusion, rapid collapse: This made Bush sound like meningitis, an infection of the membranes around the spine and brain that can be caused by various organisms. He went to the hospital lab to check the test results, and found himself staring at a microscope he hadn’t expected: a string of bright-purple rod-shaped bacilli, threaded ends like a train car.

Bush recognized the system, but he did not understand it. Infections of the creatures he looked at were so rare that they occurred less than 20 times in a century in the United States, and only among people with a short range of occupations গ cattle and drum makers, not photo editors শহ Florida suburbs.

“If it’s anthrax,” he told himself, “it’s bio-terrorism until proven otherwise.”

That was October 2, 2001. It took two days for Bush’s suspicions to be confirmed. Diagnosis 8-20 years ago today, when his diagnosis was announced at a news conference in October – a time when the most complex and centralized public health response in U.S. history arose, Kovid competed only today in an effort to respond.

You couldn’t open a laptop or turn on the news three weeks ago without being reminded of the 20th anniversary of the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center attack. Compared to those honored memories, the anthrax-letter attack প্রথম the first deadly biotech attack on U.S. soil b is rarely remembered, although in the days following Bush’s announcement they killed five, sickened another 17, sent 20,000,000 people to the doctor, among them. 10,000 people were given immunosuppressive antibiotics and the media in Capitol Hill and New York confused the world.

But those involved in the response at the time, including Bush – who continues to work as an infectious disease specialist at a medical center where Stevens later died – said the anthrax attacks presented a hard lesson that could help the covid reaction if they were remembered. “We had the ability to instantly recognize and report what went well,” said Professor Bush, an affiliate of medical schools at Atlantic University in Florida and the University of Miami. “But we’re not better prepared now than we used to be.”

A brief summary, though, is difficult to summarize with something as complex as an anthrax attack: Stevens was not the first incident; He was only diagnosed first. Anthrax was shipped in September and October via fenugreek. All victims had some contact with sporadic letters sent to offices in Congress and the media, or the letters were leaked to mail-processing equipment and exposed after other mail, workplaces and homes were contaminated.



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